Non-conventional yeasts from fermented honey by-products: Focus on Hanseniaspora uvarum strains for craft beer production
- Autori: Matraxia M.; Alfonzo A.; Prestianni R.; Francesca N.; Gaglio R.; Todaro A.; Alfeo V.; Perretti G.; Columba P.; Settanni L.; Moschetti G.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2021
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/512080
The increasing interest in novel beer productions focused on non-Saccharomyces yeasts in order to pursue their potential in generating groundbreaking sensory profiles. Traditional fermented beverages represent an important source of yeast strains which could express interesting features during brewing. A total of 404 yeasts were isolated from fermented honey by-products and identified as Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Wickerhamomyces anomalus, Zygosaccharomyces bailii, Zygosaccharomyces rouxii and Hanseniaspora uvarum. Five H. uvarum strains were screened for their brewing capability. Interestingly, Hanseniaspora uvarum strains showed growth in presence of ethanol and hop and a more rapid growth than the control strain S. cerevisiae US-05. Even though all strains showed a very low fermentation power, their concentrations ranged between 7 and 8 Log cycles during fermentation. The statistical analyses showed significant differences among the strains and underlined the ability of YGA2 and YGA34 to grow rapidly in presence of ethanol and hop. The strain YGA34 showed the best technological properties and was selected for beer production. Its presence in mixed- and sequential-culture fermentations with US-05 did not influence attenuation and ethanol concentration but had a significant impact on glycerol and acetic acid concentrations, with a higher sensory complexity and intensity, representing promising co-starters during craft beer production.