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Mechanisms underlying the nitric oxide inhibitory effects in mouse ileal longitudinal muscle

  • Autori: ZIZZO, MG; MULE', F; SERIO, R
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2005
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
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We investigated the mechanisms involved in the nitric oxide (NO)-induced inhibitory effects on longitudinal smooth muscle of mouse ileum, using organ bath technique. Exogenously applied NO, delivered as sodium nitroprusside (SNP; 0.1-100 micromol/L) induced a concentration-dependent reduction of the ileal spontaneous contractions. 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolol[4,3,a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ; 1 micromol/L), a guanilyl cyclase inhibitor, reduced the SNP-induced effects. Tetraethylammonium chloride (20 mmol/L), a non-selective K+ channel blocker, and charybdotoxin (0.1 micromol/L), blocker of large conductance Ca2+-dependent K+ channels, significantly reduced SNP-induced inhibitory effects. In contrast, apamin (0.1 micromol/L), blocker of small conductance Ca2+-dependent K+ channels, was not able to affect the response to SNP. Ciclopiazonic acid (10 micromol/L) or thapsigargin (0.1 micromol/L), sarcoplasmatic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase inhibitors, decreased the SNP-inhibitory effects. Ryanodine (10 micromol/L), inhibitor of Ca2+ release from ryanodine-sensitive intracellular stores, significantly reduced the SNP inhibitory effects. The membrane permeable analogue of cGMP, 8-bromoguanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (100 micromol/L), also reduced spontaneous mechanical activity, and its effect was antagonized by ryanodine. The present study suggests that NO causes inhibitory effects on longitudinal smooth muscle of mouse ileum through cGMP which in turn would activate the large conductance Ca2+-dependent K+ channels, via localized ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+ release.