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A mesoscopic mechanical model of the surface tension and some simulation results

  • Autori: Battaglia O.R.; Fazio C.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2019
  • Tipologia: Contributo in atti di convegno pubblicato in rivista
  • OA Link:


Drops of mercury do not spread on a surface. A metal paper clip can float on water. These phenomena are macroscopic manifestations of molecular interactions and can be explained in terms of surface tension. In this study, we discuss a simple mesoscopic mechanical model of the surface tension and the results of numerical fluid dynamics simulations implemented on the basis of it. We study the droplet formation without and with gravity when it can drop from a narrow hole like a trickling tap and finally the behaviour of free surface liquid in a vessel. Teachers and students can be able to study the surface tension by using the computer simulation as a "tool" for analysing and discussing the droplet and the liquid behaviour in several different conditions.