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Mechanisms underlying the inhibitory effects induced by pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide in mouse ileum

  • Autori: ZIZZO, MG; MULE', F; SERIO, R
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2005
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
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The aim of this study was to investigate the signal transduction mechanisms underlying the inhibitory effect induced by pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide (PACAP-27) on the spontaneous contractile activity of longitudinal muscle of mouse ileum. Mechanical activity of ileal segments was recorded isometrically in vitro. PACAP-27 produced apamin-sensitive reduction of the amplitude of the spontaneous contractions. 9-(Tetrahydro-2-furanyl)-9H-purin-6-amine (SQ 22,536), adenylate cyclase inhibitor, or genistein and tyrphostin 25, tyrosine kinase inhibitors, had negligible effects on PACAP-27-induced inhibition. PACAP-27 effects were significantly inhibited by U-73122, phopholipase C (PLC) inhibitor, by 2-aminoethoxy-diphenylborate (2-APB), permeable blocker of inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP3) receptors and by depletion of Ca2+ stores with cyclopiazonic acid or thapsigargin. Ryanodine did not reduce PACAP-27-inhibitory responses. We suggest that, in mouse ileum, the inhibitory responses to PACAP-27 involve stimulation of PLC, increased production of IP3 and localised Ca2+ release from intracellular stores, which could provide the opening of apamin-sensitive Ca2+-dependent K+ channels.