Seagrasses along the Sicilian coasts
- Autori: Calvo, S; Tomasello, A; Di Maida, G; Pirrotta, M; Buia, MC; Cinelli, F; Cormaci, M; Furnari, G; Giaccone, G; Luzzu, F; Mazzola, A; Orestano, C; Procaccini, G; Sarà, G; Scannavino, A; Vizzini, S
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2010
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
- Parole Chiave: seagrass, Mediterranean, Sicily, distribution, status
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/53963
All seagrass species known from the Mediterranean basin have been recorded along the Sicilian coast, where studies have been carried out at a very local scale and information is fragmented or confined to the grey literature. The objective of this article is to summarise and evaluate current knowledge on seagrass species on the Sicilian coasts, providing an overview of species distribution, genetic diversity, biology and ecology, based on the literature and unpublished data. Most literature studies have been carried out on Posidonia oceanica meadows because of their wide distribution, complexity and ecological importance. In this study, the analyses carried out on P. oceanica structural and functional features show that the Sicilian meadows are in good condition with respect to the Mediterranean average, probably because of relatively low anthropogenic pressure and favourable ecological conditions. The available data on this species summarised in this article represent an important starting point from which to build effective plans for understanding levels of environmental threats and for supporting conservation strategies for these important ecosystems. Conversely, the limited information available on other seagrasses only allows the description of some structural and functional features, and does not permit to drive overall conclusions on their general health status.