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Inhalable Formulation Based on Lipid-Polymer Hybrid Nanoparticles for the Macrophage Targeted Delivery of Roflumilast

  • Autori: Craparo, Emanuela F; Cabibbo, Marta; Scialabba, Cinzia; Giammona, Gaetano; Cavallaro, Gennara
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2022
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link:


Here, novel lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles (LPHNPs), targeted to lung macrophages, were realized as potential carriers for Roflumilast administration in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). To achieve this, Roflumilast-loaded fluorescent polymeric nanoparticles, based on a polyaspartamide-polycaprolactone graft copolymer, and lipid vesicles, made from 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-phosphoethanolamine-N-(polyethylene glycol)-mannose, were properly combined using a two-step method, successfully obtaining Roflumilast-loaded hybrid fluorescent nanoparticles (Man-LPHFNPs@Roflumilast). These exhibit colloidal size and a negative ζ potential, 50 wt % phospholipids, and a core-shell-type morphology; they slowly release the entrapped drug in a simulated physiological fluid. The surface analysis also demonstrated their high surface PEG density, which confers mucus-penetrating properties. Man-LPHFNPs@Roflumilast show high cytocompatibility toward human bronchial epithelium cells and macrophages and are uptaken by the latter through an active mannose-mediated targeting process. To achieve an inhalable formulation, the nano-into-micro strategy was applied, encapsulating Man-LPHFNPs@Roflumilast in poly(vinyl alcohol)/leucine-based microparticles by spray-drying.