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CTCF and BORIS Regulate Rb2/p130 Gene Transcription: A Novel Mechanism and a New Paradigm for Understanding the Biology of Lung Cancer

  • Autori: Fiorentino, F.; Macaluso, M.; Miranda, F.; Montanari, M.; Russo, A.; Bagella, L.; Giordano, A.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2011
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
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Although innumerable investigations regarding the biology of lung cancer have been carried out, many aspects thereof remain to be addressed, including the role played by the retinoblastoma-related protein Rb2/ p130 during the evolution of this disease. Here we report novel findings on the mechanisms that control Rb2/ p130 gene expression in lung fibroblasts and characterize the effects of Rb2/p130 deregulation on the proliferative features of lung cancer cells.We revealed for the first time that in lung fibroblasts the expression of Rb2/p130 gene is directly controlled by the chromatin insulator CCCTC-binding factor, CTCF, which by binding to the Rb2/p130 gene promoter induces, and/or maintains, a specific local chromatin organization that in turn governs the transcriptional activity of Rb2/p130 gene. However, in lung cancer cells the activity of CTCF in controlling Rb2/p130 gene expression is impaired by BORIS, a CTCF-paralogue, which by binding to the Rb2/p130 gene could trigger changes in the chromatin asset established by CTCF, thereby affecting CTCF regulatory activity on Rb2/p130 transcription. These studies not only provide essential basic insights into the molecular mechanisms that control Rb2/p130 gene expression in lung cancer, but also offer a potential paradigm for the actions of other activators and/or corepressors, such as CTCF and BORIS, that could be crucial in explaining how alterations in the mechanism regulating Rb2/p130 gene expression may accelerate the progression of lung tumors, or favor the onset of recurrence after cancer treatment. Mol Cancer Res; 9(2); 225–33. 2011 AACR.