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Les institutions italiennes à travers les analyses de Luigi Sturzo (1871-1959).


Since the 1950s Luigi Sturzo captured the dysfunctions of the democratic system instituted in Italy. He courageously denounced the evils that afflicted the newborn democracy. The strange relationship between government and opposition, the growing importance of the parties, the proliferation of legislation, the reversal of functions between parliament and government, the reform of the Senate, are just some of the problems identified by Sturzo. His criticism, however, was not pointless, but proactive in the meaning that he diagnosed weaknesses and indicated the means for a better and more efficient working of institutions in a democratic country without making it necessary to undermine the constitutional structure. At the basis of this, he articulate the idea of an ‘organic democracy’ and especially the inseparable link between morality and politics.