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Mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease: the Parkinson's disease cognitive study (PACOS)

  • Autori: Monastero, Roberto*; Cicero, Calogero Edoardo; Baschi, Roberta; Davì, Marco; Luca, Antonina; Restivo, Vincenzo; Zangara, Chiara; Fierro, Brigida; Zappia, Mario; Nicoletti, Alessandra
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2018
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
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Approximately 30% of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients show impaired cognitive performance, which is suggestive of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), representing a predictor of dementia, especially when present at diagnosis. The objective of the study was to evaluate the frequency and clinical predictors of MCI in a large hospital-based cohort of PD patients. We collected cross-sectional data from the Parkinson's disease cognitive impairment study (PACOS), a multicenter study involving two Movement Disorder centers, which are located in south Italy. The PD subjects were diagnosed according to the UK Brain Bank criteria and they underwent an extensive neuropsychological assessment. PD-MCI was diagnosed according to the Movement Disorder Society task force criteria for MCI. PD severity was evaluated in accordance with the Unified PD Rating Scale-Motor Examination (UPDRS-ME) and the Hoehn and Yahr scales. The study included 659 PD patients (57.5% men; mean age 67.0 ± 9.7 years), with a mean disease duration of 3.8 ± 4.6 years and a mean UPRDS-ME score of 25.8 ± 12.3. PD-MCI was diagnosed in 261 (39.6%) subjects and in 82 (31.7%) of 259 newly diagnosed patients (disease duration ≤ 1 year). An amnestic MCI multidomain phenotype was the most frequent MCI subtype (39.1% of the overall sample and 43.9% in newly diagnosed PD). A positive significant association between MCI, age and motor scores was found at multivariate logistic regression analysis, while a negative association was observed between educational level and MCI. In conclusion and in agreement with the literature data, the prevalence of MCI recorded in the PACOS sample was approximately 40 and 32% amongst newly diagnosed patients.