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MAURIZIO MARRALE

Comparison of EPR response of pure alanine and alanine with gadolinium dosimeters exposed to TRIGA Mainz reactor

  • Autori: Panzeca, S.; Marrale, M.; Schmitz, T.; Gallo, S.; Hampel, G.; Longo, A.; Tranchina, L.; Brai, M.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2015
  • Tipologia: Proceedings (TIPOLOGIA NON ATTIVA)
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/147288

Abstract

The development of Neutron Capture Therapy (NCT) for cancer treatments has stimulated the research for beam characterization in order to optimize the therapy procedures. The NCT has found to be promising for treatments of tumours which hardly can be treated with other techniques, such as gliomas. Alongside with the improvements of this technique, the development of procedures for the beam characterization arouses great interest in order to optimize the therapy protocol by reliably determining the various (neutronic and photonic) components of the mixed beam usually employed for therapy. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) dosimetry for electron and photon beams with alanine has attracted the attention of many research groups for dosimetric purposes. Furthermore, the applications of EPR dosimetry for high LET radiation beams, such as carbon ions and neutrons, are continuously increasing. This is because of the very good dosimetric features of alanine EPR detectors such as: tissue equivalence for photon beams, linearity of its dose-response over a wide range, high stability of radiation induced free radicals, no destructive read-out procedure, no need of sample treatment before EPR signal measurement and low cost of the dosimeters. Moreover, in order to improve the sensitivity to thermal neutrons of alanine dosimeters the addition of nuclei such as gadolinium oxidewas previously studied. The choice of Gd as additive nucleus is due to its very high capture cross section to thermal neutrons and to the possibility for secondary particles produced after interaction with thermal neutrons of releasing their energy in the neighbourhood of the reaction site. In particular, it was found that low concentration (i.e. 5% by weight) of gadolinium oxide brings about an neutron sensitivity enhancement of more than 10 times without heavily reducing tissue equivalence. We have studied the response of alanine pellets with and without gadolinium exposed to the thermal column of the TRIGA Mark II research reactor at the University of Mainz. Pure alanine dosimeters used were produced by Synergy Health (Germany) whereas the Gd-added dosimeters were produced at the University of Palermo. The irradiations were performed inside polyethylene holders to guarantee charged particles equilibrium conditions. The results of EPR experiments are compared to Monte Carlo (MC) simulations aimed at obtaining information about the contribution of the various components to the total dose measured by means of EPR dosimeters. For alanine dosimeters a good agreement between experimental data and MC simulation have been achieved.