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MARIA CARMELA LOMBARDO

A velocity-diffusion method for a Lotka-Volterra system with nonlinear cross and self-diffusion

  • Autori: Gambino, G.; Lombardo, M.; Sammartino, M.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2009
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Parole Chiave: Particle methods; Nonlinear diffusion; Reaction-diffusion; ADI schemes; Pattern formation; Travelling fronts
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/39992

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to introduce a deterministic particle method for the solution of two strongly coupled reaction-diffusion equations. In these equations the diffusion is nonlinear because we consider the cross and self-diffusion effects. The reaction terms on which we focus are of the Lotka-Volterra type. Our treatment of the diffusion terms is a generalization of the idea, introduced in [P. Degond, F.-J. Mustieles, A deterministic approximation of diffusion equations using particles, SIAM J. Sci. Stat. Comput. 11 (1990) 293-310] for the linear diffusion, of interpreting Fick's law in a deterministic way as a prescription on the particle velocity. Time discretization is based on the Peaceman-Rach ford operator splitting scheme. Numerical experiments show good agreement with the previously appeared results. We also observe travelling front solutions, the phenomenon of pattern formation and the possibility of survival for a dominated species due to a segregation effect.