The Abundance of Tumor-Infiltrating CD8+ Tissue Resident Memory T Lymphocytes Correlates with Patient Survival in Glioblastoma
- Autori: La Manna, Marco Pio; Di Liberto, Diana; Lo Pizzo, Marianna; Mohammadnezhad, Leila; Shekarkar Azgomi, Mojtaba; Salamone, Vincenzo; Cancila, Valeria; Vacca, Davide; Dieli, Costanza; Maugeri, Rosario; Brunasso, Lara; Iacopino, Domenico Gerardo; Dieli, Francesco; Caccamo, Nadia
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2022
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/577894
Glial tumors alone account for 40% of all CNS tumors and present a low survival rate. The tumor microenvironment is a critical regulator of tumor progression and therapeutic effectiveness in glioma. Growing evidence from numerous studies of human solid tumor-infiltrating CD8(+) T cells indicates that tissue-resident memory T cells (TRM) represent a substantial subpopulation of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs). Although it is reported that some types of cancer patients with high immune infiltration tend to have better outcomes than patients with low immune infiltration, it seems this does not happen in gliomas. This study aimed to characterize TRMs cells in the glioma tumor microenvironment to identify their potential predictive and prognostic role and the possible therapeutic applications. Fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis and immunofluorescence staining highlighted a statistically significant increase in CD8(+) TRM cells (CD103(+) and CD69(+) CD8(+) T cells) in gliomas compared to control samples (meningioma). In-silico analysis of a dataset of n = 153 stage IV glioma patients confirmed our data. Moreover, the gene expression analysis showed an increase in the expression of TRM-related genes in tumor tissues compared to normal tissues. This analysis also highlighted the positive correlation between genes associated with CD8(+) TRM and TILs, indicating that CD8(+) TRMs cells are present among the infiltrating T cells. Finally, high expression of Integrin subunit alpha E (ITGAE), the gene coding for the integrin CD103, and high CD8(+) TILs abundance were associated with more prolonged survival, whereas high ITGAE expression but low CD8(+) TILs abundance were associated with lower survival.