A rapid and simple multiparameter assay to quantify spike-specific CD4 and CD8 T cells after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination: A preliminary report
- Autori: Azgomi M.S.; La Manna M.P.; Badami G.D.; Ragonese P.; Trizzino A.; Dieli F.; Caccamo N.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2021
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/527498
mRNA and Adenovirus vaccines for COVID-19 are used to induce humoral and cell-mediated immunity, with the aim to generate both SARS-CoV-2 B and T memory cells. In present study, we described a simple assay to detect and quantify Spike-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses induced by vaccination in healthy donors and in subjects with B cell compart impairment, in which antibody response is absent due to primary immunodeficiencies or CD20 depleting therapy. We detect and quantified memory T cell immune responses against SARS-CoV-2 evocated by vaccination in both groups, irrespective to the humoral response. Furthermore, we identified TNF-α as the main cytokine produced by T memory cells, after antigen-specific stimulation in vitro, that could be considered, other than IFN-γ, an additional biomarker of induction of T memory cells upon vaccination. Further studies on the vaccine-induced T cell responses could be crucial, not only in healthy people but also in immunocompromised subjects, where antigen specific T cells responses play a protective role against SARS-CoV-2.