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Secure random number generation in wireless sensor networks


Reliable random number generation is crucial for many available security algorithms, and some of the methods presented in literature proposed to generate them based on measurements collected from the physical environment, in order to ensure true randomness. However the effectiveness of such methods can be compromised if an attacker is able to gain access to the measurements thus inferring the generated random number. In our paper, we present an algorithm that guarantees security for the generation process, in a real world scenario using wireless sensor nodes as the sources of the physical measurements. The proposed method uses distributed leader election for selecting a random source of data. We prove the robustness of the algorithm by discussing common security attacks, and we present theoretical and experimental evaluation regarding its complexity in terms of time and exchanged messages.