Redesign of a reverse shoulder prosthesis: Kinematic and mechanical study
- Autori: Tumino, D.; Ingrassia, T.; Nigrelli, V.; Trinca, G.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2014
- Tipologia: Capitolo o Saggio (Capitolo o saggio)
- Parole Chiave: CAD modelling; Digital shape acquisition; Reverse shoulder prosthesis; Engineering (all)
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/155209
In this work a commercial reverse shoulder prosthesis has been redesigned to improve performances in terms of range of movements of the implant and stability to dislocation. A kinematic and mechanic study has been performed using a realistic solid model of the prothesised shoulder: in particular, all the components of the prosthesis have been acquired via a 3D laser scanner and inserted in a virtual humerus-glenoid system by reproducing the common surgical procedure. The final model has been used to measure the maximum angles of abduction and rotation of the arm and the shear forces that cause dislocation. Modifications proposed to the commercial prosthesis are: a different orientation of the cutting plane of the glenoid component and the interposition of a spacer to move the center of rotation of the arm.