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Minimal Absent Words in Rooted and Unrooted Trees


We extend the theory of minimal absent words to (rooted and unrooted) trees, having edges labeled by letters from an alphabet of cardinality. We show that the set of minimal absent words of a rooted (resp. unrooted) tree T with n nodes has cardinality (resp.), and we show that these bounds are realized. Then, we exhibit algorithms to compute all minimal absent words in a rooted (resp. unrooted) tree in output-sensitive time (resp. assuming an integer alphabet of size polynomial in n.