Salta al contenuto principale
Passa alla visualizzazione normale.


Azolium and acetate ions in DMF: Formation of free N-heterocyclic carbene. A voltammetric analysis

  • Autori: Feroci, M; Chiarotto, I; D'Anna, F; Ornano, L; Rizzo, C; Inesi A
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2016
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • OA Link:


In order to reveal the possible formation of free N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) in DMF-azolium and acetate solutions, the proton exchange equilibrium between azolium cations and CH3COO- was investigated (by cyclic voltammetry) by adding CH3COOH or tetrabutylammonium acetate to DMF solutions of imidazolium or thiazolium salts of different acidity.The voltammetric analysis confirms that the deprotonation of the azolium cation by CH3COO- (with the formation of free NHC) is significant in the case of the more acidic thiazolium cations, while it is not effective with the less acidic imidazolium ones.Accordingly, the NHC-catalyzed benzoin condensation was carried out in DMF solutions of azolium salts, tetrabutylammonium acetate, and benzaldehyde. Benzoin was isolated only starting from the more acidic thiazolium salts. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.