COLORECTAL CANCER AND INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES: EFFECTS ON DIET AND ANTIOXIDANTS
- Autori: Carini, F.; Tomasello, G.; Jurjus, A.; Geagea, A.; Al Kattar, S.; Damiani, P.; Sinagra, E.; David, S.; Cappello, F.; Mazzola, M.; Leone, A.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2017
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
It is well established that oxidative stress is common in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). Accordingly, antioxidants are recommended for treatment. The aim of this is to compare the effects of antioxidants contained in the various types of tea on symptoms and evolution of IBD and colorectal cancer (CRC). Analysis of the literature revealed that the theaflavin-3, 30-digitale (TFDG) contained in black tea, and epigallocatechin-3-0-gallate (EGCG) contained in green tea have protective effects against oxidative stress. Moreover, these substances are involved in many biochemical processes responsible for inflammation and proliferation of cancer cells. It is documented that both TFDG and EGCG are able to reduce inflammatory phenomena and sympotms associated with IBD, as well as to reduce the proliferation of CRC cells. Most studies are performed in vitro or in experimental animal models. It is, therefore, advisable to formulate studies that could be carried out on humans or human samples, in order to develop the appropriate therapeutic strategies.