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Behaviour of carbonyl groups in several clinical conditions: Analysis of our survey

  • Autori: Caimi G.; Hopps E.; Montana M.; Carollo C.; Calandrino V.; Galla E.; Canino B.; Lo Presti R.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2020
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
  • Parole Chiave: Oxidative stress, arterial hypertension, metabolic syndrome, juvenile myocardial infarction, chronic kidney failure
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Protein carbonylation is a marker of oxidative protein damage, that is likely involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protein carbonyl (PC) groups in different clinical conditions. It included different groups of subjects: 81 trained subjects; 23 subjects with mild essential hypertension; 31 middle-aged subjects with metabolic syndrome (MS); 106 subjects with MS not selected for age (subdivided into two subgroups, with and without diabetes mellitus); 91 obese adults subdivided in two subgroups (BMI 30-35 Kg/m2 and BMI > 35 kg/m2); 48 subjects with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) subdivided in accordance with the apnea/hypopnea index (AHI); 27 subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on conservative therapy; 31 subjects with CKD on haemodialysis treatment; and 50 subjects with juvenile myocardial infarction. PC groups were reduced in trained subjects in comparison with sedentary controls, while no variation was observed in mild essential hypertension. PC groups were increased in MS subjects and in adult obese subjects. In MS subjects the PC groups were not influenced by the presence of diabetes mellitus and in adult obese subjects were not influenced by the obesity degree. In OSAS subjects only those with AHI > 30 showed an increase of PC groups. PC groups increased in CKD subjects undergoing conservative treatment and haemodialysis therapy. In dialyzed subjects, after a standard dialysis session, there was a marked increase in PC groups. In juvenile myocardial infarction PC groups were higher than in controls; there was no difference between STEMI and NSTEMI and their concentration was unaffected by the number of cardiovascular risk factors or stenosed coronary vessels.