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Mucoadhesive Polymeric Films to Enhance Barbaloin Penetration Into Buccal Mucosa: a Novel Approach to Chemoprevention

  • Autori: Di Prima G.; Conigliaro A.; De Caro V.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2019
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • OA Link:


Nowadays, chemoprevention by administering natural supplements is considered an attractive strategy to reverse, suppress, or prevent the evolution of premalignant oral lesions. In particular, Barbaloin exhibits anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties, and it results useful in multi-therapy with classic chemotherapeutics. Therefore, in this work, mucoadhesive buccal films, as locoregional drug delivery system able to provide a targeted and efficient therapeutic delivery of Barbaloin, are proposed. Thus, Aloin extract-loaded Eudragit (R) RL100 or Eudragit (R) RS100-based buccal films were designed in order to obtain an easily self-administrable formulation capable of promoting Barbaloin penetration into buccal mucosa and assuring high patient compliance. Large amounts of extract (44%) were loaded into the polymer matrix and six formulations were prepared varying polymers and plasticizers ratios. For all formulations, physical form (thermogravimetric analysis-differential scanning calorimetry, TGA-DSC), swelling degree, mucoadhesiveness, drug release, and ability to promote drug penetration in mucosa have been investigated. After a sequential selection process, Eudragit RS 100-based film, with low PVP and high plasticizers amounts, emerged as the most promising. It results appropriately flexible, uniform in terms of weight, thickness and drug content, as well as characterized by suitable surface pH, good mucoadhesiveness, and low swelling degree. It displays a Higuchian drug release behavior up to 89% of Barbaloin released, thus demonstrating that diffusion through the matrix is the main release mechanism. Remarkable penetration enhancer properties of film were demonstrated by evidence of Barbaloin accumulation into buccal mucosa up to 10-fold higher than those obtained following administration of Aloin solution.