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VINCENZA MARIA ELENA BONFIGLIO

Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy in pachychoroid: combined treatment with photodynamic therapy and aflibercept

  • Autori: Vadala M.; Castellucci M.; Guarrasi G.; Cillino G.; Bonfiglio V.M.E.; Casuccio A.; Cillino S.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2022
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/532592

Abstract

Introduction: To evaluate the effects of combined therapy using intravitreal Aflibercept (IVA) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) on polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy related to pachychoroid disease (PPCV). Methods: Patients with PPCV were treated with PDT combined with 3 IVA injections on a monthly basis, followed by pro re nata criteria. The 12-month follow-up consisted of multiple revaluations of visual acuity and SS-OCT parameters of clinical activity. Results: Nineteen eyes were included in the study; mean age was 65.5 years. Visual acuity improved after 12 months (0.35 ± 0.25 to 0.2 ± 0.20 logMAR, p = 0.005). Percentage of eyes with intraretinal and subretinal fluid reduced from baseline to the 12-month follow-up (from 52.6 to 10.5%, p = 0.12, and from 89.5 to 5.3% p = 0.0009, respectively). Central retinal and mean macular thicknesses reduced (258 ± 39.6 to 204.8 ± 38.8 μm p = 0.04 and 293.8 ± 32.1 to 248.1 ± 29.6 μm p = 0.017, respectively). Central choroidal and mean choroidal thicknesses also displayed a reduction (328.6 ± 54.9 to 289.8 ± 44.6 μm p = 0.001 and 314.5 ± 55.3 to 287.9 ± 47.6 μm p = 0.015, respectively). The mean number of injections was 4.6/year. Conclusion: The results support the use of a combined therapy with Aflibercept and PDT in PPCV. This treatment would act in synergy, with anti-VEGF controlling exudation and PDT closing the aneurysmal vessel and reducing choroidal congestion.