Immunobiology of Uveal Melanoma: State of the Art and Therapeutic Targets
- Autori: Basile M.S.; Mazzon E.; Fagone P.; Longo A.; Russo A.; Fallico M.; Bonfiglio V.; Nicoletti F.; Avitabile T.; Reibaldi M.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2019
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/402174
Uveal Melanoma (UM) represents the most common primary intraocular malignant tumor in adults. Although it originates from melanocytes as cutaneous melanoma, it shows significant clinical and biological differences with the latter, including high resistance to immune therapy. Indeed, UM can evade immune surveillance via multiple mechanisms, such as the expression of inhibitory checkpoints (e.g., PD-L1, CD47, CD200) and the production of IDO-1 and soluble FasL, among others. More in-depth understanding of these mechanisms will suggest potential targets for the design of novel and more effective management strategies for UM patients.