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Cognitive and Physical Activity-Related Aspects of Children Associated to the Performance of the Crunning Movement

  • Autori: Thomas, Ewan; Alesi, Marianna; Tabacchi, Garden; Silva, Carlos Marques da; Sturm, David J; Şahin, Fatma Neşe; Güler, Özkan; Gómez-López, Manuel; Pajaujiene, Simona; Basile, Michele; Rada, Ante; Palma, Antonio; Bianco, Antonino
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2021
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link:


The aim of this investigation was to identify possible related factors associated to the performance of the crunning test in European children and adolescents. A total number of 559 children and adolescents (age range 6-14 years) of which 308 boys (55.1%) and 251 girls (44.9%), from seven European countries, were screened. A questionnaire concerning demographic and personal life-related factors and a cognitive assessment were performed. A regression analysis was conducted with the performance measures of the crunning movement. T-tests and ANCOVA were used to analyze sub-group differences. Boys have greater crunning performance values compared to girls (5.55 s vs. 7.06 s, p < 0.001) and older children perform better than younger ones (R2 -0.23; p < 0.001). Children with healthy and active habits (exercising or spending time with family members vs. reading or surfing the internet) performed better in the test. Children engaged in team sports had better crunning performances compared to those engaged in individual sports (6.01 s vs. 6.66 s, p = 0.0166). No significant association was found regarding cognitive-related aspects in either children engaged in team or individual sports and the crunning performance. Older and male children performed better in the crunning test than younger and female children. Physical activity-related aspects of children's life are associated with crunning movement performance. No association was found between higher cognitive performance and the crunning test results.