Cognitive and motivational monitoring during enriched sport activities in a sample of children living in Europe. The ESA program
- Autori: Alesi M.; Silva C.; Borrego C.; Monteiro D.; Genchi R.; Polizzi V.; Kirkar M.; Demetriou Y.; Brame J.; Sahin F.N.; Kizilyalli M.; Gomez-Lopez M.; Sanchez G.L.; Pajaujiene S.; Indriuniene V.; Rada A.; Bianco A.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2017
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/481987
Enriched Sport Activities (ESA) Program is an Evidence-based Practice Exercise Program cofounded by the Erasmus + Programme of the European Union (Key action: Sport-579661-EPP-1-2016-2-IT-SPO-SCP). It aims to enhance social inclusion, equal opportunities and psycho-physical wellbeing in children with typical development and special needs. This aim will be pursued through two ways: (1) Children and preadolescents’ participation in Enriched Sport Activities (ESA) Program; (2) Parents’ involvement and education on cognitive, motivational and social benefits of Physical Activities (PA) in their children. Recent research showed that high-level cognitive processes, such as inhibition, shifting, working memory and planning, can be improved by aerobic exercise programs following both single bouts of exercise and longer trainings from moderate to vigorous intensity . Nevertheless, in the developmental age, structured sport activities, such as martial arts, basketball, soccer, rowing and dancing, act by delivering both physical and psychological benefits. The former involve physical fitness such as cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and motor skills such as coordination, whilst the latter concern enjoyment, self-confidence and self-esteem, a sense of belonging and social support [2–4]. The effectiveness of PMA (Programma Motorio Arricchito), a structured motor program on coordination and executive functioning in kindergarten children, has been demonstrated .