An analysis of the immunomodulatory properties of human spheroids from adipose-derived stem cells
- Autori: Francesca Toia, Elena Lo Presti, Anna Barbara Di Stefano, Marta Di Simone, Marco Trapani, Anna Maria Corsale, Carmela Picone, Francesco Moschella, Francesco Dieli, Adriana Cordova, Serena Meraviglia
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2023
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/584411
Aims Current methods to induce tolerance following allotransplantation or in autoimmunity carry significant morbidity, and research is very active in investigating alternative methods which could minimize toxicity. Spheroids from adipose stem cells (SASCs) are increasingly gaining interest, they hold a great proliferative and differentiating potential. An immunomodulatory effect has not been investigated on SASCs yet. In this study, we analysed the immunomodulatory properties of SASCs and compared them to ADSCs. Main methods Adipose stem cells (SASCs and ADSCs) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were collected from healthy individuals. We analysed the cytokine production and proliferation of T cells co-cultured with adipose samples or conditioned medium. Key findings SASCs modulated cytokines production and proliferation of heterologous and autologous T cells. In the heterologous assays, we observed a reduction of IFNγ and IL-17 production and an increase of IL-9 in γδ T cells. The soluble factors present in SASCs sovranatants were also able to induce a slight reduction of IFNγ and an increase of IL-9, IL-10 and IL-17 while they could not modulate the proliferative ability of γδ T cells. In the autologous assays, we observed a reduction of the proliferative ability of T cells in co-culture at different ratios with SASCs. Analysis of the SASCs secretome showed an increased IL-5, IL-10, IL-4 and IL-13 production compared to the ADSCs one, demonstrating greater anti-inflammatory properties. Significance Our preliminary results support the idea that SASCs exert more pronounced biological immune modulation compared to the classical adherent ADSCs, especially in heterologous experimental settings.