Cell quality evaluation with gene expression analysis of spheroids (3D) and adherent (2D) adipose stem cells
- Autori: Di Stefano AB, Grisafi F, Perez-Alea M, Castiglia M, Di Simone M, Meraviglia S, Cordova A, Moschella F, Toia F.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2020
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/438605
Adipose stem cells (ASCs) represent a reliable source of stem cells with a widely demonstrated potential in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering applications. New recent insights suggest that three-dimensional (3D) models may closely mimic the native tissue properties; spheroids from adipose derived stem cells (SASCs) exhibit enhanced regenerative abilities compared with those of 2D models. Stem cell therapy success is determined by “cell-quality”; for this reason, the involvement of stress signals and cellular aging need to be further investigated. Here, we performed a comparative analysis of genes connected with stemness, aging, telomeric length and oxidative stress, in 3D and 2D primary cultures. The expression levels of stemness-related markers and anti-aging Sirtuin1 were significantly up-regulated (P < 0.001) in SASCs-3D while gene expression of aging-related p16INK4a was increased in ASCs-2D (P < 0.001). The 3D and 2D cultures also had a different gene expression profile for genes related to telomere maintenance (Shelterin complex, RNA Binding proteins and DNA repair genes) (P < 0.01 and P < 0.001) and oxidative stress (aldehyde dehydrogenase class1 and 3) (P < 0.05, P < 0.01 and P < 0.001) and presented a striking large variation in their cellular redox state. Based on our findings, we propose a “cell quality” model of SASCs, highlighting a precise molecular expression of several genes involved with stemness (SOX2, POU5F1 and NANOG), anti-aging (SIRT1), oxidative stress (ALDH3) and telomeres maintenance.