Effects of clinical and laboratory variables at admission and of in-hospital treatment with cardiovascular drugs on short term prognosis of ischemic stroke. The GIFA study at admission and of in-hospital treatment with cardiovascular drugs on short term prognosis of ischemic stroke. The GIFA study.
- Autori: Tuttolomondo, A.; DI RAIMONDO, D.; Di Sciacca, R.; Pedone, C.; La Placa, S.; Arnao, V.; Pinto, A.; Licata, G.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2013
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/100428
INTRODUCTION: No information exists, to our knowledge, about the possible role of cardiovascular drug administration in the acute phase of ischemic stroke and possible effects on stroke outcome. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between in-hospital treatment with cardiovascular drugs in patients with acute ischemic stroke and some outcome indicators. METHODS AND RESULTS: 1096 subjects enrolled in the GIFA study, who had a main discharge diagnosis of ischemic stroke represent the final sample. Drugs considered for the analysis were the following: ACE-inhibitors (ACEI), angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), statins, calcium-channel-blockers (CCBs), antiplatelet (APL) drugs, antivitamin-k (VKAs), and heparins. As outcome indicators we choose in-hospital mortality, cognitive function evaluated by Hodkinson Abbreviated Mental Test (HAMT), and functional status evaluated by activity daily living (ADL). Indicators of a good outcome were: no in-hospital mortality, HAMT >6 and 0 ADL impaired. Patients with a good outcome showed a higher rate of in-hospital treatment with ACE-inhibitors, calcium-channel blockers and a lower rate of pre-treatment with heparin. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that if a patient with acute ischemic stroke has higher SBP at admission, higher total cholesterol plasma levels, a lower Charlson index and is treated with ACE-inhibitors, calcium channel blockers and antiplatelet drugs, the short term outcome is better in terms of in-hospital mortality and functional indicators such as cognitive and functional performance at discharge.