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ANTONINO TUTTOLOMONDO

Early high-dosage atorvastatin treatment improved serum immune-inflammatory markers and functional outcome in acute ischemic strokes classified as large artery atherosclerotic stroke: A randomized trial

  • Autori: Tuttolomondo A.; Di Raimondo D.; Pecoraro R.; Maida C.; Arnao V.; Corte V.D.; Simonetta I.; Corpora F.; Di Bona D.; Maugeri R.; Iacopino D.G.; Pinto A.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2016
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
  • Parole Chiave: Acute Disease; Aged; Atorvastatin; Biomarkers; Brain Ischemia; E-Selectin; Female; Humans; Inflammation; Inflammation Mediators; Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1; Interleukin-10; Interleukin-1beta; Interleukin-6; Intracranial Arteriosclerosis; Male; Middle Aged; P-Selectin; Stroke; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/414982

Abstract

Statins have beneficial effects on cerebral circulation and brain parenchyma during ischemic stroke and reperfusion. The primary hypothesis of this randomized parallel trial was that treatment with 80 mg/day of atorvastatin administered early at admission after acute atherosclerotic ischemic stroke could reduce serum levels of markers of immune-inflammatory activation of the acute phase and that this immune-inflammatory modulation could have a possible effect on prognosis of ischemic stroke evaluated by some outcome indicators. We enrolled 42 patients with acute ischemic stroke classified as large arteries atherosclerosis stroke (LAAS) randomly assigned in a randomized parallel trial to the following groups: Group A, 22 patients treated with atorvastatin 80mg (once-daily) from admission day until discharge; Group B, 20 patients not treated with atorvastatin 80mg until discharge, and after discharge, treatment with atorvastatin has been started. At 72 hours and at 7 days after acute ischemic stroke, subjects of group A showed significantly lower plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor-a, interleukin (IL)-6, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, whereas no significant difference with regard to plasma levels of IL-10, E-Selectin, and P-Selectin was observed between the 2 groups. At 72 hours and 7 days after admission, stroke patients treated with atorvastatin 80mg in comparison with stroke subjects not treated with atorvastatin showed a significantly lower mean National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and modified Rankin scores. Our findings provide the first evidence that atorvastatin acutely administered immediately after an atherosclerotic ischemic stroke exerts a lowering effect on immune-inflammatory activation of the acute phase of stroke and that its early use is associated to a better functional and prognostic profile.