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DNA binding and antiproliferative activity toward human carcinoma cells of copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes of a 2,5-diphenyl[1,3,4]oxadiazole derivative

  • Autori: Terenzi, A.; Fanelli, M.; Ambrosi, G.; Amatori, S.; Fusi, V.; Giorgi, L.; TURCO LIVERI, V.; Barone, G.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2012
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Parole Chiave: DNA binding, antiproliferative activity, 2,5-diphenyl[1,3,4]oxadiazole derivative
  • OA Link:


The interaction of calf thymus DNAwith [CuL(ClO4)]ClO4·H2O (1) and [ZnLBr]Br·H2O (2) (L = 9,12,15,18,27,28-hexaaza-29-oxatetracyclo[,7.020,25]enneicosa-2,4,6,20,22,24,26,281-octaene) dicationic complexes in aqueous solution at neutral pH, was investigated by variable-temperature UV-vis absorption, circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy. The values of the DNA-binding constants of these complexes, determined by competitive binding spectrofluorimetric titrations of ethidium bromide (EB)–DNA solutions, are (6.7 ± 0.5) × 106 M−1 for CuL2+ and (4.7 ± 0.5) × 105 M−1 for ZnL2+. These data together with a through analysis of the spectroscopic behaviour consistently suggest that both compounds are effective DNA binders. Interestingly, the DNA-binding strength of these complexes has been found to be correlated to their in vitro cytotoxic activity toward human breast carcinoma cells, although the complex with lower DNA-binding affinity is more active. In fact, biological studies showed that when the compounds are delivered through the cell membrane by a lipidic carrier, the cell survival is sensibly reduced, up to 58% with 1 and to 31% with 2.