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ROBERTO SCAFFARO

Morphology and mechanical properties of extruded ribbons of LDPE/PA6 blends compatibilized with an ethylene-acrylic acid copolymer

  • Autori: LA MANTIA, F.; Scaffaro, R.; Valenza, A.; Marchetti, A.; Filippi, S.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2003
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Parole Chiave: Blends; Impact resistance; Low density polyethylene; Mechanical properties; Morphology; Polyamide-6
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/196431

Abstract

Two grades of low density polyethylene (LDPE) were blended with polyamide-6 (PA) in the 75/25 and 25/75 wt/wt ratios and shaped into ribbons with a Brabender single screw extruder. An ethylene-acrylic acid copolymer (EAA) was used in the 2 phr concentration as a compatibilizer precursor (CP). The morphology of the ribbons and its evolution during high temperature annealing were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results confirmed that EAA does actually behave as a reactive compatibilizer for the LDPE/PA blends. In fact, in the presence of EAA, the interfacial adhesion is improved, the dispersion of the minor phase particles is enhanced and their tendency toward fibrillation is increased, especially for the blends with the higher molar mass LDPE grade. The mechanical properties of the latter blends were found to be considerably enhanced by the addition of EAA, whereas the improvement was relatively modest for the blends with the lower molar mass LDPE. The fracture properties of double end notched samples of the ribbons prepared with the blends containing the lower molar mass LDPE grade were also studied. It was shown that, despite of the increased interfacial adhesion caused by the presence of EAA, the latter plays a measurable positive effect on the fracture properties only for the blends with LDPE as the matrix.