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ROBERTO SCAFFARO

Effect of adding new phosphazene compounds to poly(butylene terephthalate)/polyamide blends. II: Effect of different polyamides on the properties of extruded samples

  • Autori: Scaffaro, R.; Botta, L.; LA MANTIA, F.; Gleria, M.; Bertani, R.; Samperi, F.; Scaltro, G.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2006
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/2644

Abstract

Poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT) and a sample of polyamide have been melt processed in the presence of two new phosphazene compounds, namely 2,2-dichloro-4,4,6,6-bis[spyro(2′,2″-dioxy-1′,1″-biphenyl)]cyclotriphosphazene (2Cl-CP) and 2,2-bis(2-methoxy-4-methyleneoxy-phenoxy)-4,4,6,6-bis[spyro(2′,2″-dioxy-1′,1″-biphenyl)]cyclophosphazene (CP-2EPOX). The blends were prepared by using polyamide 6 (PA6) and polyamide 6,6 (PA66) in 25/75 and 75/25 w/w compositions by using a co-rotating twin-screw extruder. The materials have been completely characterized from a mechanical, rheological, and morphological point of view. The results indicate that the additives used cause an increase of the rupture properties and of the viscosity, especially in the PA6 rich blends containing CP-2EPOX. This result can be not only attributed to a chain extension effect on the PA phase but also to in situ formation of PA/PBT copolymers promoted by the presence of the CP compound as confirmed by NMR and MALDI-TOF analyses. The compatibilization effect fades in blends containing PA66, probably due to a thermal deactivation of the additives at higher temperature required to process this polymer.