Salta al contenuto principale
Passa alla visualizzazione normale.


Bit Catastrophes for the Burrows-Wheeler Transform

  • Autori: Giuliani S.; Inenaga S.; Liptak Z.; Romana G.; Sciortino M.; Urbina C.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2023
  • Tipologia: Contributo in atti di convegno pubblicato in volume
  • OA Link:


A bit catastrophe, loosely defined, is when a change in just one character of a string causes a significant change in the size of the compressed string. We study this phenomenon for the Burrows-Wheeler Transform (BWT), a string transform at the heart of several of the most popular compressors and aligners today. The parameter determining the size of the compressed data is the number of equal-letter runs of the BWT, commonly denoted r. We exhibit infinite families of strings in which insertion, deletion, resp. substitution of one character increases r from constant to Θ(log n), where n is the length of the string. These strings can be interpreted both as examples for an increase by a multiplicative or an additive Θ(log n) -factor. As regards multiplicative factor, they attain the upper bound given by Akagi, Funakoshi, and Inenaga [Inf & Comput. 2023] of O(log nlog r), since here r= O(1 ). We then give examples of strings in which insertion, deletion, resp. substitution of a character increases r by a Θ(n) additive factor. These strings significantly improve the best known lower bound for an additive factor of Ω(log n) [Giuliani et al., SOFSEM 2021].