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Distance measures for biological sequences: some recent approaches


Sequence comparison has become a very essential tool in modern molecular biology. In fact, in biomolecular sequences high similarity usually implies significant functional or structural similarity. Traditional approaches use techniques that are based on sequence alignment able to measure character level differences. However, the recent developments of whole genome sequencing technology give rise to need of similarity measures able to capture the rearrangements involving large segments contained in the sequences. This paper is devoted to illustrate different methods recently introduced for the alignment-free comparison of biological sequences. Goal of the paper is both to highlight the peculiarities of each of such approaches by focusing on its advantages and disadvantages and to find the common features of all these different methods.