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Macrophage phenotype in the subclinical gut inflammation of patients with ankylosing spondylitis

  • Autori: Ciccia F; Alessandro R; Rizzo A; Accardo-Palumbo A; Raimondo S; Raiata F; Guggino G; Giardina A; De Leo G; Sireci G; Triolo G
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2014
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • OA Link:


OBJECTIVE: Long-term evolution of subclinical gut inflammation to overt Crohn's disease (CD) has been described in AS patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate macrophage polarization occurring in the inflamed gut of patients with AS. METHODS: Twenty-seven HLA-B27(+) AS patients, 20 CD patients and 17 normal controls were consecutively enrolled. Classic M1 (iNOS(+)IL-10(-)), resolution phase (iNOS(+)IL-10(+)), M2 and CD14(+) macrophages were characterized by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. Quantitative gene expression analysis of IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-5, IL-33 and STAT6 was performed by real time PCR. RESULTS: Classic M1 macrophages were expanded in CD and AS, where resolution phase macrophages predominate. A large increase in CD163(+) (M2) macrophages was observed in AS strictly correlated with the expression of IL-33, a Th2 cytokine involved in M2 polarization. Unlike in CD, CD14(+) macrophages were virtually absent in the gut of AS patients and controls. CONCLUSION: The absence of CD14(+) macrophages together with the expansion of resolution phase and M2 macrophages is the immunological signature of subclinical ileal inflammation in AS.