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GIORGIO STASSI

miR-205-5p-mediated downregulation of ErbB/HER receptors in breast cancer stem cells results in targeted therapy resistance

  • Autori: De Cola, A.; Volpe, S.; Budani, M.; Ferracin, M.; Lattanzio, R.; Turdo, A.; D'Agostino, D.; Capone, E.; Stassi, G.; Todaro, M.; Di Ilio, C.; Sala, G.; Piantelli, M.; Negrini, M.; Veronese, A.; De Laurenzi, V.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2015
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Parole Chiave: Cancer Stem Cells; Breast Cancer
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/163757

Abstract

The ErbB tyrosine kinase receptor family has been shown to have an important role in tumorigenesis, and the expression of its receptor members is frequently deregulated in many types of solid tumors. Various drugs targeting these receptors have been approved for cancer treatment. Particularly, in breast cancer, anti-Her2/EGFR molecules represent the standard therapy for Her2-positive malignancies. However, in a number of cases, the tumor relapses or progresses thus suggesting that not all cancer cells have been targeted. One possibility is that a subset of cells capable of regenerating the tumor, such as cancer stem cells (CSCs), may not respond to these therapeutic agents. Accumulating evidences indicate that miR-205-5p is significantly downregulated in breast tumors compared with normal breast tissue and acts as a tumor suppressor directly targeting oncogenes such as Zeb1 and ErbB3. In this study, we report that miR-205-5p is highly expressed in BCSCs and represses directly ERBB2 and indirectly EGFR leading to resistance to targeted therapy. Furthermore, we show that miR-205-5p directly regulates the expression of p63 which is in turn involved in the EGFR expression suggesting a miR-205/p63/EGFR regulation.