Site-Coded Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Evaluation by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT): A Descriptive Pilot Study
- Autori: Panzarella, Vera; Buttacavoli, Fortunato; Gambino, Alessio; Capocasale, Giorgia; Di Fede, Olga; Mauceri, Rodolfo; Rodolico, Vito; Campisi, Giuseppina
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2022
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/577396
Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is an emerging non-invasive method for oral diagnostics, proving to be a practicable device for epithelial and subepithelial evaluation. The potential validity of OCT in oral cancer assessment has been explored but, to date, there are very few investigations conducted with a systematic comparison between clinical/histological and OCT parameters, especially in strict reference to the anatomical site-codification of the oral mucosa. In this regard, our study performed a two-steps evaluation (in vivo OCT and histological investigations) of suspected OSCCs, progressively recruited, using as references the OCT images of the same site-coded healthy mucosa, to provide as much as possible site-specific determinants. Thirty histologically confirmed OSCCs were recruited. Specific OCT mucosal features (SEL-Stratified Epithelial Layer; BM-Basement Membrane; LP-Lamina Propria) were registered and processed using the SRQR (Standards for Reporting Qualitative Research) statement. The systematic dual descriptive OCT analysis revealed that OSCC scans present a complete alteration of epithelial (KL, SEL) and subepithelial (BM, LP) layers with a site-specificity characteristic; moreover, peculiar OCT configurations such as "icicle-like" structures could be strongly suggestive of neoplastic infiltration. This study supports the OCT use for the development of more specific optical structural models applied to oral carcinogenesis.