Early magnesium reduction in advanced colorectal cancer patients treated with cetuximab plus irinotecan as predictive factor of efficacy and outcome
- Autori: Vincenzi, B.; Santini, D.; Galluzzo, S.; Russo, A.; Fulfaro, F.; Silletta, M.; Battistoni, F.; Rocci, L.; Zobel, B.; Adamo, V.; Dicuonzo, G.; Tonini, G.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2008
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/42935
Introduction: Magnesium plays a role in a large number of cellular metabolic reactions. Cetuximab is able to induce hypomagnesemia by interfering with magnesium (Mg2+) transport in the kidney.We designed this trial to investigate if Mg2+ serum level modifications may be related with clinical response andoutcome in advancedcolorectal cancer patients during treatment with cetuximab plus irinotecan. Experimental Design: Sixty-eight heavily pretreatedmetastatic colorectal cancer patients were evaluatedfor Mg2+ serum levels at the following time points: before; 6 hours; and1, 7, 14, 21, 50, and92 days after the start of treatment. Results: Basal Mg2+ median levels were significantly decreased just 7 days after the first anticancer infusion and progressively decreased from the 7th day onward, reaching the highest significance at the last time point (P < 0.0001).Twenty-five patients showeda reduction in median Mg2+ circulating levels of at least 20% within the 3rdweek after the first infusion. Patients with this reduction showed a response rate of 64.0% versus 25.6% in the nonreduced Mg2+ group. The median time to progression was 6.0 versus 3.6 months in the reduced Mg2+ group andin that without reduction, respectively (P < 0.0001). Overall survival was longer in patients with Mg2+ reduction than in those without (10.7 versus 8.9 months). Conclusions: Our results confirm that cetuximab treatment may induce a reduction of Mg2+ circulating levels andoffer the first evidence that Mg2+ reduction may represent a new predictive factor of efficacy in advanced colorectal cancer patients treated with cetuximab plus irinotecan