Vinflunine in Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma of the Bladder in Progression after a Platinum-Containing Regimen
- Authors: De Luca R.; Profita G.; Vella M.; Cicero G.
- Publication year: 2019
- Type: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/407151
Background: Vinflunine is a microtubule inhibitor of the vinca alkaloid class approved for the treatment of urothelial bladder carcinoma after a platinum-containing regimen. Methods: To evaluate the effectiveness of vinflunine, we enrolled 80 subjects with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of metastatic urothelial bladder carcinoma that had previously undergone chemotherapy with a platinum-containing regimen and had measurable lesions according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST). The patients (n = 80) received vinflunine (Javlor®) every 3 weeks at 320 mg/m2 via 20-min intravenous infusion. The endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS), objective response rate, overall survival (OS), and tolerability. The cumulative survival of the patients was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: In this retrospective study, vinflunine treatment was well tolerated and resulted in a good level of disease control (complete response + partial response + stable disease >50%), with a manageable toxicity profile. The median PFS and OS were 3.2 and 6.8 months, respectively. A significant correlation between pain and PFS was also noted. The major hematologic adverse event was neutropenia, observed in 47% of the patients. The most common nonhematologic adverse events were constipation in 48% of the patients and fatigue in 26%. Discussion: In this real-word non-randomized clinical trial setting, the data showed that vinflunine is an efficacious and safe therapeutic option for second-line treatment of patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma of the bladder after a platinum-containing regimen.