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Chemical analysis of residues left by walking adults of Nezara viridula which induce arrestment behavior in the egg parasitoid Trissolcus basalis

  • Autori: Colazza, S; Aquila, G; Peri, E; Millar, J
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2007
  • Tipologia: Abstract in rivista (Abstract in rivista)
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Chemical residues deposited by walking adults of the southern green stink bug (SGSB), Nezara viridula (L.) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae), which play a role as contact kairomones inducing arrestment behavior in the egg parasitoid Trissolcus basalis (Wollaston), were investigated in laboratory experiments. Female wasps encountering an area contaminated by chemical residues from adult hosts showed an arrestment response characterized by prolonged periods of walking and turning, resulting in systematic return to the stimulus after encountering the treatment borders. When SGSB adults were dissected into separate body parts, extracts from legs and the dorsal laminar pronota of adult females elicited equal responses, whereas extracts of legs and dorsal laminar pronota of adult males elicited lower responses. These results corroborate previous results showing the wasp’s preference for chemical residues from female hosts, and they suggest that contact kairomones are not confined to the legs, but are distributed over the adult cuticula. Hexane extracts of laminar pronotua and legs of SGSB adults induced stronger responses than methanol extracts. Silica gel chromatography of SGSB cuticular extracts indicated that the activity was associated with the fraction containing saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. The potential significance of these results to the host location behavior of T. basalis in the field is discussed.