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The role of parental involvement in youth sport experience: perceived and desired behavior by male soccer players

  • Autori: Bonavolonta V.; Cataldi S.; Latino F.; Carvutto R.; De Candia M.; Mastrorilli G.; Messina G.; Patti A.; Fischetti F.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2021
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
  • Parole Chiave: Directive behavior; Parental involvement; Parenting educational style; Pressure; Youth sport experience; Adolescent; Cross-Sectional Studies; Humans; Male; Surveys and Questionnaires; Soccer; Sports; Youth Sports
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Parents play a key role in the youth sports educational experience. They are responsible for the introduction of their children to physical or sporting education and their involvement has been associated with sport participation in early stages. The aims of this cross-sectional study were, first, to assess the perceived and desired parental involvement by children and, secondly, to exam-ine their satisfaction or dissatisfaction with any specific behavior. 80 male soccer players filled the Parental Involvement in Sport Questionnaire (PISQ) before or after a training session in presence of a coach. PISQ results revealed excessive active involvement and pressure, insufficient praise and understanding and satisfactory directive behavior from children’s parents. Our findings suggest that excessive parental involvement can cause pressure on children who would prefer parental participation characterized by praise and understanding. A balance between a supporting involvement without putting too much pressure is needed by the parents. To prevent burnout and dropout and to facilitate future practice, parents should be counseled (possibly by a sport educator) on how to positively support their children concerning their sport experience.