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Diversity of rhizobia nodulating wild shrubs of Sicily and some neighbouring Islands.

  • Autori: Cardinale, M.; Lanza, A.; Bonnì, M.; Marsala, S.; Puglia, A.; Quatrini, P.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2008
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Parole Chiave: Rhizobium · Bradyrhizobium · 16SrDNA · Symbiotic genes · Mediterranean wild legumes · Genisteae · Thermopsideae · Soil rehabilitation · Nodule occupancy
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Abstract Legume shrubs have great potential for rehabilitation of semi-arid degraded soils in Mediterranean ecosystems as they establish mutualistic symbiosis with Nfxing rhizobia. Eighty-eight symbiotic rhizobia were isolated from seven wild legume shrubs native of Sicily (Southern Italy) and grouped in operational taxonomic units (OTU) by analysis of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) polymorphism. Partial sequencing of 16S rRNA gene of representative isolates of each OTU revealed that most Genisteae symbionts are related to Bradyrhizobium canariense, B. japonicum and B. elkanii. Teline monspessulana was the only Genistea nodulated by Mesorhizobium strains, and Anagyris foetida (Thermopsideae) was promiscuosly nodulated by Rhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Agrobacterium and Bradyrhizobium strains. Analysis of the nodulation gene nodA assigned most Mediterranean Genisteae bradyrhizobia to clade II but also to clades IV, I and III, which included, so far, sequences of (sub)tropical and Australian isolates. The high diversity and low host speciWcity observed in most wild legumes isolates suggest that preferential associations may establish in the Weld depending on diVerences in the beneWts conferred to the host and on competition ability. Once identifed, these benefcial symbiosis can be exploited for rehabilitation of arid, low productive and human-impacted soils of the Mediterranean countries.