Salta al contenuto principale
Passa alla visualizzazione normale.


Transverse Asymmetries of the Maxilla Even in Healthy and Apparently Symmetrical Subjects

  • Autori: Giuseppe Currò ; Giuseppa Bilello ;Pietro Messina ; Giuseppe Alessandro Scardina
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2021
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link:


Abstract: In the formulation of an orthodontic treatment plan, the three-dimensional analysis of the dental arches represents a fundamental moment for the evaluation of all the morphological parameters necessary in order to have a correct and complete diagnosis. In this regard, the study of the dental arches on the horizontal plane is sometimes neglected or not thorough enough. When evaluating the transverse dimensions of the dental upper arche, the presence of an asymmetry is frequently found, and it means that an hemiarch is larger than the other. Furthermore, any variation in one of the three planes of space always involves an alteration also on the other two planes in order to have compensation. The morphology of a bone segment depends on various factors, mainly genetical, acquired and environmental. Regarding the environmental factors, the function determines the morphology, but this in turn determines the function. In the case of unilateral mastication, the upper maxilla will be asymmetrical, so growing patients will have compensation on other skull bones. From these considerations arises the need for a careful study of the horizontal plane of the maxilla in the presence of a malocclusion during diagnostic evaluations. These asymmetries, however, must be evaluated and quantified in the diagnostic phase in order to formulate a correct plan of treatment. The aim of this work is to demonstrate that there are almost always transverse asymmetries of the maxilla, albeit of a slight entity, even in healthy and apparently symmetrical subjects.