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Site-specific halloysite functionalization by polydopamine: A new synthetic route for potential near infrared-activated delivery system

  • Autori: Alfieri M.L.; Massaro M.; d'Ischia M.; D'Errico G.; Gallucci N.; Gruttadauria M.; Licciardi M.; Liotta L.F.; Nicotra G.; Sfuncia G.; Riela S.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2021
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
  • Parole Chiave: Biotin-avidin interaction; Delivery system; Halloysite nanotubes; Hyperthermia effects; Polydopamine; Secondary modification; Site-specific functionalization
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Halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) represent a versatile core structure for the design of functional nanosystems of biomedical interest. However, the development of selective methodologies for the site-controlled functionalization of the nanotubes at specific sites is not an easy task. This study aims to accomplish a procedure for the site-selective/specific, “pin-point”, functionalization of HNTs with polydopamine (HNTs@PDA). This goal was achieved, at pH 6.5, by exploiting the basicity of ZnO nanoparticles anchored on the HNTs external surface (HNTs@ZnO) to induce a punctual polydopamine polymerization and coating. The morphology and the chemical composition of the nanomaterial was demonstrated by several techniques. Turbidimetric analysis showed that PDA coating affected the aqueous stability of HNTs@PDA compared to both HNTs@ZnO and HNTs. Notably, hyperthermia studies revealed that the nanomaterial induced a local thermic rise, up to 50 °C, under near-infrared (NIR) irradiation. Furthermore, secondary functionalization of HNTs@PDA by selective grafting of biotin onto the PDA coating followed by avidin binding was also accomplished.