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Filosofia, alterità, democrazia


This article intends to analyze the link existing in Apel between ethics of communication, democracy and difference. In the German author, the argumentative reason is not circumventable. The communicative and intersubjective nature of human identity founds democracy as a form of life and just coexistence. Democracy allows the individual to discover himself as tied to a common history. The paradigm of communicative philosophy overcomes both social nihilism and the dogmatism of some versions of liberalism. This rediscovery of philosophy is connected to the possibility of a social ethics and a free, equal and democratic public discourse.The problems facing today's world cannot find an adequate answer in provisional syntheses of the Postmodern, nor in the deflation of the concept of truth.Apel’s Philosophy advocates linked to the public dimension, arises from the community affair and from human history. What sustains and normatively guides social interaction is a special solidarity, which springs from the intersubjective dimension and the discursive nature of our "co-world".