Joining by forming technologies: current solutions and future trends
- Autori: Buffa G.; Fratini L.; La Commare U.; Romisch D.; Wiesenmayer S.; Wituschek S.; Merklein M.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2022
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/550364
The progressively more demanding needs of emissions and costs reduction in the transportation industry are pushing engineers towards the use of increasingly lightweight structures. This goal can be achieved only if dissimilar and/or new materials, including polymers and composites, are joined together to create complex structures. Conventional fusion welding processes have often been proven inadequate to this task because of the high heat input reducing the joint mechanical properties or even making the joining process impossible. Joining by forming technologies take advantage on the plastic deformation to create sound joints out of even very dissimilar materials. Over the last 25 years, several new processes, with increasing potential in effectively joining virtually every structural material, have been invented and developed. In the paper, a comprehensive overview of the most utilized joining by forming processes is given. For each process, an analysis of the current research trends and hot topics is provided, highlighting strengths and weaknesses for industrial applications.