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Seeding after radiofrequency ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with cirrhosis: a prospective study.

  • Autori: Latteri, F.; Sandonato, L.; DI MARCO, V.; Parisi, P.; Cabibbo, G.; Lombardo, G.; Galia, M.; Midiri, M.; Latteri, M.; Craxi, A.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2008
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link:


BACKGROUND: Neoplastic seeding of hepatocellular carcinoma may arise after radiofrequency ablation. AIMS: In order to clarify the real risk of seeding, we observed a prospective cohort of patients undergoing radiofrequency ablation. METHODS: Ninety-three (22.9%) out of 406 consecutive patients with hepatocellular carcinoma superimposed to cirrhosis diagnosed at our Liver Unit (2000-2005) were selected for radiofrequency ablation according to the Barcelona 2000 EASL guidelines. Seventy-one patients were treated by a percutaneous approach and 22 at laparotomy. After radiofrequency ablation ultrasound scan was repeated every 3 months and spiral-computed tomography every 6 months. RESULTS: Overall 145 sessions were performed in 93 patients: 113 (77.9%) by a percutaneous approach and 32 (22.1%) at laparotomy. The median follow-up was 23 months (range 1-60). Only 1 of the 71 patients (1.4%; 95% C.I. 0.25-7.56) treated percutaneously and none of the 22 (0%; 95% C.I. 0-14.8) treated at laparotomy showed neoplastic seeding. CONCLUSION: In our experience the risk of seeding of hepatocellular carcinoma after radiofrequency ablation was small (1.1% per patient, 95% C.I. 0.19-5.84; 0.7% per procedure, 95% C.I. 0.12-3.80). A stringent selection of patients for radiofrequency ablation and retraction of the needle with a hot tip may have been instrumental in obtaining this low frequency.