EFFECTS OF DATA GAP ON THE CAPABILITY TO DETECT TREND IN HYDROCLIMATOLOGICAL TIME SERIES
- Autori: Arnone, E.; Bidera Miceli, L.; Noto, L.; Viola, F.; LA LOGGIA, G.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2012
- Tipologia: Proceedings (TIPOLOGIA NON ATTIVA)
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/74313
In the last decades the growing concerns about the existence of global climatic changes push many researchers to use different trend test in order to identify whether monotonic trends exist in hydroclimatological time series such as temperature, precipitation, and streamflow. Unfortunately, these time series often suffer from missing data values mainly due to malfunctioning of gauge for specific time periods. Starting from this premise, the main target of our work is to investigate the effect of data gap in a time series on the results provided by the most used trend test: the nonparametric Mann–Kendall statistical test. Firstly, different synthetic time series characterized by different size, trend and statistical significance of the trend, i.e. p-value, have been generated by superimposition of a stochastic component on a trend component. Using Monte Carlo simulation, data have been randomly removed from the time series in percentage varying from 1% to 20%; then, the Mann-Kendall trend test has been applied to the obtained incomplete time series. The comparison between the results of Mann-Kendall trend test of complete and incomplete time series, provides a quantitative assessment of the influence of data gap as function of the percentage of data gap and of the sample size of the complete time series. In particular, these results indicate that when the p-value of complete time series approaches to the test acceptability threshold (significance level of the test), the probability of identify the presence of a trend when it does not exist (or vice-versa) increases dramatically. Finally, the influence of the shape of the data gap, whether continuous or random, has been investigated as well, finding out that it does not influence in a significant way the results of Mann-Kendall trend test.