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GIOSUE' LO BOSCO

HUMAN SPERM CELL AS EARLY BIOINDICATOR OF MALE HEALTH AND REPRODUCTION

  • Autori: Bosco, L.; Ruvolo, G.; Martino, C.; Chiappetta, R.; Carone, D.; LO BOSCO, G.; Carrillo, L.; Ferrigno, ; Roccheri, M.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2017
  • Tipologia: Abstract in rivista (Abstract in rivista)
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/238012

Abstract

Environmental factors could have a key role in the remarkable and continuous decline of sperm quality observed in the last fifty years. This study addressed the gap of knowledge on the effect of air pollutants on sperm DNA fragmentation, comparing the seminal parameters from men living in locations with different levels of air pollution. The detrimental effects of environmental pollution in the Taranto area are alarming: the high level of pollutants released from the steel plants in the atmosphere can cause health and fertility issues. Our study analyzed sperm samples from three groups of patients: i) workers of Taranto steel plants; ii) Taranto residents; iii) Palermo residents, assumed as controls. Results demonstrate that patients from the “steel plants workers” group, constantly exposed to environmental pollutants for professional reasons, show a mean percentage of sperm DNA fragmentation above 30%. In contrast, patients from the “Taranto residents” group and controls show mean percentages ranging between 16.8% and 25%, respectively. We suggest that sperm DNA evaluation can either be an indicator of individual reproductive health, and a suitable tool to connect the surrounding environment with its effects. On the other end, preliminary data of the Eco Food Fertility project3 indicated an impairment of several semen quality parameters, including increased sperm DNA damage, in clinically healthy male volunteers living in areas with high environmental impact. Since the methods to study pollutants effects have still to be validated, we suggest that studying sperm DNA fragmentation could serve as a valuable biomarker of the presence and effects of pollution, and we candidate the human sperm cell as an early bioindicator of male health and reproduction.