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Process parameters influence in additive manufacturing

  • Autori: Ingrassia, T; Nigrelli, V; Ricotta, V; Tartamella, C
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2017
  • Tipologia: Capitolo o Saggio (Capitolo o saggio)
  • OA Link:


Additive manufacturing is a rapidly expanding technology. It allows the creation of very complex 3D objects by adding layers of material, in spite of the traditional production systems based on the removal of material. The development of additive technology has produced initially a generation of additive manufacturing techniques restricted to industrial applications, but their extraordinary degree of innovation has allowed the spreading of household systems. Nowadays, the most common domestic systems produce 3D parts through a fused deposition modeling process. Such systems have low productivity and make, usually, objects with no high accuracy and with unreliable mechanical properties. These side effects can depend on the process parameters. Aim of this work is to study the influence of some typical parameters of the additive manufacturing process on the prototypes characteristics. In particular, it has been studied the influence of the layer thickness on the shape and dimensional accuracy. Cylindrical specimens have been created with a 3D printer, the Da Vinci 1.0A by XYZprinting, using ABS filaments. Dimensional and shape inspection of the printed components has been performed following a typical reverse engineering approach. In particular, the point clouds of the surfaces of the different specimens have been acquired through a 3D laser scanner. After, the acquired point clouds have been post-processed, converted into 3D models and analysed to detect any shape or dimensional difference from the initial CAD models. The obtained results may constitute a useful guideline to choose the best set of the process parameters to obtain printed components of good quality in a reasonable time and minimizing the waste of material.