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Symplectic analysis of thin-walled curved box girders with torsion, distortion and shear lag warping effects


Shear lag effect and torsional and distortional warping can significantly affect the performance of thin-walled curved box girders used in modern bridge engineering. The structural behaviour of these bridges exhibits complexity due to coupled bending and torsion together with warping effects of non-uniform torsion, distortion and shear lag. A practical method of analysis, based on the symplectic approach, with the same perspective as the Higher Order Beam Theories, is presented for overcoming the difficulties of numerical approaches via the Finite Element Method. In this paper, the Hamiltonian Structural Analysis method implements the analysis of the shear lag effect together with non-uniform torsion and distortion, for curved box girder bridges. The examples given can allow engineers to evaluate the effects of the negative shear lag phenomenon and the distribution of axial stresses in box slabs and webs, due to different warping effects, which strongly influence thin-walled box sections subjected to point loads and restrained areas.